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If you’re trying to lose weight, it’s easy to get confused when faced with the various ways to diet. There is, after all, a range of diet plans and weight-loss methods out there. Some are fads that come and go and some can be more restrictive than others, but most have the same promise: to help you lose pounds, and fast.

Counting calories and managing your carb intake are two of the most popular methods for helping you to eat less – but how do they work?

Calorie counting

You’ve probably heard the saying ‘calories in, calories out’. And many experts believe this is the golden rule of weight loss – that is, you have to lose (or burn) more calories than you take in (eat and drink).

Calories are units that measure the amount of energy in food. Whatever you eat or drink, you’re putting energy into your body and your body needs a certain amount of that energy to function – plus the more active you are, the more of that energy you need.

 

Average daily calories for a man

Average daily calories for a woman

According to the NHS, the average man needs 2,500kcal (kilocalories – another word for calories) a day to maintain their weight, while the average woman needs 2,000kcal daily. The idea is that consistently eating fewer calories than these amounts will help you lose weight.

Counting calories is now a lot easier, thanks to the fact that most food packaging includes nutrition labels. These labels display how many calories there are in 100g of that particular food (or 100ml of drink), with many also giving the number of calories in a portion. This information can help you to work out how many calories you’re eating of that food, bearing in mind that your idea of a portion is the same as that of the food manufacturer.

Some restaurants even display calorie counts of meals on their menus, which can make eating out easier when you’re trying to lose weight.

Carb counting

Many popular diets, on the other hand, focus on managing your intake of carbohydrates (carbs). Carb counting can also be important if you have Type 1 Diabetes, as it can help you to keep control of your blood glucose levels.

There are several different ways of counting carbs, the simplest of which is to count them in grams. Unlike calories, there are no official guidelines to suggest how many grams of carbs you should eat a day. As a general rule 50-100g a day is considered a good place to start if you’re trying to lose weight – though some low-carb diets aim for a much lower intake for fast weight loss at 20-50g per day.

This is where food labels come in handy, as they display how many carbs are in 100g or portion of a particular food. Like calories, you have to calculate the amount of carbs you’re eating, based on the weight of that food on your plate (so whether you’re counting calories or carbs, a good set of kitchen scales may come in very handy).

As for which approach is best for you, it’s important to choose a method that you can stick to that fits in with your lifestyle, as a sustainable diet is better than one that gives quick results but fails in the long term.

HOW WE CAN HELP

If you’re looking at ways to lose weight come and talk to us, we can offer expert advice on the options and methods available and we have a range of products designed to help you lose weight.